Readers ask: What is reye’s syndrome?

What is Reye’s syndrome and how is it caused?

What causes Reye’s syndrome? The exact cause of Reye’s syndrome is unknown, but it most commonly affects children and young adults recovering from a viral infection – for example a cold, flu or chickenpox. In most cases, aspirin has been used to treat their symptoms, so aspirin may trigger Reye’s syndrome.

Why does aspirin cause Reye’s syndrome?

The use of aspirin or salicylates is known to increase the risk for Reye’s syndrome if used during a viral illness. The underlying problem with the use of aspirin during a viral illness is an inhibition of fatty acid metabolism (oxidative phosphorylation and b-oxidation) in the liver.

Can ibuprofen cause Reye’s syndrome?

Reye’s Syndrome: Why Aspirin and Children Don’t Mix

Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin are easily available and generally safe in small doses. Most of these are safe for children, as well. However, aspirin is an important exception. Aspirin is associated with a risk of Reye’s syndrome in children.

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How is Reye’s syndrome diagnosed?

There’s no specific test for Reye’s syndrome. Instead, screening for Reye’s syndrome usually begins with blood and urine tests as well as testing for fatty acid oxidation disorders and other metabolic disorders.

Does Reye’s syndrome go away?

Reye’s syndrome is a biphasic condition that typically occurs in a child who is otherwise healthy. It begins as a prodromal febrile illness that is likely viral in nature, such as an upper respiratory infection or varicella, or possibly rotavirus. After this illness resolves, the child will recover for 3 to 5 days.

How quickly does Reye’s syndrome occur?

The signs and symptoms of Reye’s syndrome typically appear about three to five days after the onset of a viral infection, such as the flu (influenza) or chickenpox, or an upper respiratory infection, such as a cold.

Which is safer ibuprofen or aspirin?

Aspirin is significantly more likely than low-dose ibuprofen to cause gastrointestinal side effects. The risk of other side effects is similar. Aspirin should not be used in children under 12 years of age or those under the age of 16 with a viral illness because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.

What age should you start taking aspirin?

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends daily aspirin therapy if you’re age 50 to 59, you’re not at increased bleeding risk, and you have an increased risk of heart attack or stroke of 10 percent or greater over the next 10 years.

What does aspirin do to babies?

It turns out that giving aspirin to children during a viral illness—most often influenza (the flu) or chickenpox—can lead to a potentially fatal condition called Reye’s syndrome. 1 Reye’s is defined by sudden brain damage and liver function problems. It can cause seizures, coma, and death.

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Is ibuprofen the same as aspirin?

Aspirin and ibuprofen are common NSAIDs that are used to treat pain and inflammation. While they have similar effects, aspirin is considered a salicylate with slightly different effects. Both medications can be purchased over the counter. However, ibuprofen is also available in prescription strengths.

Can a child take 81 mg aspirin?

You may have heard your pediatrician say that you shouldn’t treat your child with over-the-counter aspirin products. And if you haven’t, here’s your friendly reminder: aspirin and aspirin-containing products should not be given to children or adolescents unless under specific direction from your doctor.

Is aspirin the same as acetaminophen?

Although both drugs can help fight inflammation, they belong to different drug classes. Acetaminophen is an antipyretic (fever reducer) and analgesic (pain reliever) while aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

Is Reye syndrome genetic?

MCAD deficiency is the most common disease in a group of disorders that involve abnormalities of fatty acid metabolism (fatty acid oxidation disorders [FODs]). MCAD deficiency is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.

Does Pepto Bismol cause Reye’s syndrome?

The cause is unknown; however, salicylates have been implicated as a possible causative agent. Products containing salicylate include but are not limited to aspirin and PeptoBismol. Studies linked Reye’s syndrome epidemiologically to recent illness with influenza or varicella and the use of aspirin.

How many cases of Reye’s syndrome are there?

A total of 1,207 cases of Reye’s syndrome in children younger than 18 years of age were reported to CDC from 1981 to 1997. After a high of 555 cases were documented in 1980, the number of cases declined rapidly, and since 1987 fewer than 37 cases have been reported each year.

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