Readers ask: What is an mi?

What is considered mi?

A myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw.

What is the difference between a heart attack and a myocardial infarction?

A heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI), is permanent damage to the heart muscle. “Myo” means muscle, “cardial” refers to the heart, and “infarction” means death of tissue due to lack of blood supply.

What happens during an MI?

If a blood clot totally blocks the artery, the heart muscle becomes “starved” for oxygen. Within a short time, death of heart muscle cells occurs, causing permanent damage. This is called a myocardial infarction (MI), or heart attack.

What is Mi in cardiology?

Acute myocardial infarction is the medical name for a heart attack. A heart attack is a life-threatening condition that occurs when blood flow to the heart muscle is abruptly cut off, causing tissue damage. This is usually the result of a blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries.

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What is the most common MI?

Type 2 MI is the most common type of MI encountered in clinical settings in which is there is demand-supply mismatch resulting in myocardial ischemia. This demand supply mismatch can be due to multiple reasons including but not limited to presence of a fixed stable coronary obstruction, tachycardia, hypoxia or stress.

What are the warning signs of a myocardial infarction?

Symptoms

  • Pressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back.
  • Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Cold sweat.
  • Fatigue.
  • Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness.

Can you survive a myocardial infarction?

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with a 30% mortality rate; about 50% of the deaths occur prior to arrival at the hospital. An additional 5-10% of survivors die within the first year after their myocardial infarction.

How do you stop a heart attack immediately?

Acting quickly can save lives. If given quickly after symptoms, clot-busting and artery-opening medications can stop a heart attack, and having a catheterization with a stent put in may open a closed blood vessel. The longer you wait for treatment, the more chances of survival go down and damage to the heart goes up.

How long can you live with myocardial infarction?

About 68.4 per cent males and 89.8 per cent females still living have already lived 10 to 14 years or longer after their first infarction attack; 27.3 per cent males, 15 to 19 years; and 4.3 per cent, 20 years or longer; of the females, one is alive 15 years, one 23 years and one 25 years or longer.

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What is considered a mild heart attack?

A mild heart attack affects a relatively small portion of the heart muscle, or does not cause much permanent heart damage. This is because the blockage in a coronary artery occurs in a small artery that supplies a small portion of the heart muscle; does not completely block blood flow to the heart; or lasts briefly.

What are 3 common complications of a myocardial infarction?

Complications associated with myocardial infarction

  • Disturbance of rate, rhythm and conduction.
  • Cardiac rupture.
  • Heart failure.
  • Pericarditis.
  • Ventricular septal defect.
  • Ventricular aneurysm.
  • Ruptured papillary muscles.
  • Dressler’s syndrome.

Why does pain radiate to the left arm in Michigan?

Most common site where AMI pain radiates is left shoulder and arm. This is because of presence of heart on the left of chest, so pain radiates along left sided cervical nerve roots. In our study 55(16.6%) patients had pain radiation to left shoulder, left upper arm and ulnar side of left forearm.

Is type 2 mi a heart attack?

Type 2 MI is defined as “myocardial infarction secondary to ischaemia due to either increased oxygen demand or decreased supply, e.g. coronary artery spasm, coronary embolism, anaemia, arrhythmias, hypertension or hypotension.”

What does anterior myocardial infarction mean?

An anterior wall myocardial infarction — also known as anterior wall MI, or AWMI, or anterior ST segment elevation MI, or anterior STEMI — occurs when anterior myocardial tissue usually supplied by the left anterior descending coronary artery suffers injury due to lack of blood supply.

What are the types of MI?

A heart attack is also known as a myocardial infarction. The three types of heart attacks are: ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)

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Symptoms and signs of a STEMI

  • nausea.
  • shortness of breath.
  • anxiety.
  • lightheadedness.
  • breaking out in a cold sweat.

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