FAQ: What are migraines?

Why migraine is caused?

Migraine triggers. Many possible migraine triggers have been suggested, including hormonal, emotional, physical, dietary, environmental and medicinal factors. These triggers are very individual, but it may help to keep a diary to see if you can identify a consistent trigger.

What is happening during a migraine?

A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It’s often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities.

Where do Migraines usually start?

A migraine is usually an intense pounding headache that can last for hours or even days. The pounding or pulsing pain usually begins in the forehead, the side of the head, or around the eyes. The headache gradually gets worse. Just about any movement, activity, bright light, or loud noise seems to make it hurt more.

What is the difference between a migraine and a headache?

Headaches cause pain in the head, face, or upper neck, and can vary in frequency and intensity. A migraine is an extremely painful primary headache disorder. Migraines usually produce symptoms that are more intense and debilitating than headaches. Some types of migraines do not cause head pain, however.

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What foods cause migraines?

What foods can trigger migraines?

  • eggs.
  • tomatoes.
  • onions.
  • dairy products.
  • wheat, including pasta and bread products.
  • citrus fruits.
  • nitrites found in foods.
  • alcohol, especially red wine.

Can stress cause a migraine?

Yes. Stress can trigger both migraine and tension-type headache. Events like getting married, moving to a new home, or having a baby can cause stress. But studies show that everyday stresses — not major life changes — cause most headaches.

Why do migraines hurt so bad?

One aspect of migraine pain theory explains that migraine pain happens due to waves of activity by groups of excitable brain cells. These trigger chemicals, such as serotonin, to narrow blood vessels. Serotonin is a chemical necessary for communication between nerve cells.

Do migraines damage your brain?

When you look at the population-based evidence, the really good studies, there is no good evidence that those changes in the brain are even lesions, because they don’t cause anything and there is no evidence at all that migraine does excess damage to the brain.

Do migraines get worse with age?

Migraine can—and often does—get worse in adults.

It is also during these years that we see the worsening of migraine, according to research. In fact, the number of “headache days” has been shown to increase year after year, reaching its peak in late adult life.

What gets rid of migraines fast?

In this Article

  1. Try a Cold Pack.
  2. Use a Heating Pad or Hot Compress.
  3. Ease Pressure on Your Scalp or Head.
  4. Dim the Lights.
  5. Try Not to Chew.
  6. Hydrate.
  7. Get Some Caffeine.
  8. Practice Relaxation.
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What is a silent migraine?

If you have a silent migraine, it means you get any of the typical migraine symptoms except for one: pain. Your doctor may suggest medications or devices that can treat the problem. You can also help yourself by avoiding your migraine triggers.

What’s the best for migraines?

Hot packs and heating pads can relax tense muscles. Warm showers or baths may have a similar effect. Drink a caffeinated beverage. In small amounts, caffeine alone can relieve migraine pain in the early stages or enhance the pain-reducing effects of acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) and aspirin.

What happens during a silent migraine?

Silent migraines have symptoms in each phase except headache pain during the attack phase. Common symptoms during the aura phase include light sensitivity, vision changes, and other neurological changes, such as dizziness. A prodrome might precede these symptoms.

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